Elwood Haynes

Wednesday 14th October 1857

Born on this day, Elwood Haynes, US engineer and inventor. Haynes designed one of the earlier American automobiles, the Haynes “Pioneer.” He was also an accomplished metallurgist: He patented stainless steel, stellite and a cobalt-chromium alloy that was used to make sharp dental and surgical tools. Haynes died of influenza in 1925. On July 4, 1894, Haynes took his horseless carriage for its first long-distance test drive. He hitched the vehicle to a team of horses and pulled it to the outskirts of Kokomo; then he turned it around, started the motor and puttered back toward the holiday festivities in town, leaving the horses behind. In 1899, Elwood Haynes became the first person to drive 1,000 miles in a motor car. He donated the original Pioneer to the Smithsonian in 1910. In 1995, the car appeared on a U.S. postage stamp.

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