Tuesday 12th October 1920
Construction of the Holland Tunnel began. The tunnel provided a direct link between Twelfth Street in Jersey City, New Jersey and Canal Street in New York City. The tunnel has two tubes more than 2,400 metres long and is one of the earliest examples of a mechanically ventilated design. The 84 fans, in four ventilation buildings completely change the air inside the tunnel every 90 seconds. It opened to traffic on November 13, 1927. The Holland Tunnel was named after Clifford Milburn Holland (1883-1924), the civil engineer who died while directing the tunnel’s construction.